Profiles of everyday executive functioning in young children with Down syndrome

Lisa A. Daunhauer, Deborah J. Fidler, Laura Hahn, Elizabeth Will, Nancy Raitano Lee, Susan Hepburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated executive functioning (EF) in children with Down syndrome (DS; n 5 25) and typically developing (TD) children matched for mental age (MA; n 5 23) using the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool. We sought to (1) compare children with DS to a developmentally matched control group, and (2) to characterize the EF profile of children with DS. Across teacher and parent reports, significant deficits in working memory and planning were observed in the DS group. Parents, but not teachers, of children with DS also reported difficulties in inhibitory control relative to the comparison group. Results extend earlier findings regarding EF impairments in children with DS. The complementary role inhibitory control may play in this profile is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-318
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican journal on intellectual and developmental disabilities
Volume119
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Down syndrome
  • Executive function
  • Trisomy 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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