Productivity convergence and spatial dependence among Spanish regions

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This paper estimates the evolution of labor productivity disparities among 48 Spanish regions over 1980-1996 according to the concepts of β- and σ-convergence. The results of β-convergence emphasize the importance of including the impact of neighboring locations' productivity and a disaggregate analysis at a sectoral level. In order to measure the narrowing of inequalities, we examine σ-convergence and reveal that convergence occurs in aggregate labor productivity but not in productivities per sector. The reason comes from a transfer of resources from agriculture towards more productive sectors that has been more pronounced in the poor regions than in the rich ones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-227
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Geographical Systems
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2005


  • Convergence
  • Productivity
  • Region
  • Spatiale conometrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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