Summary RdgB is a bacterial dNTPase with a strong in vitro preference for non-canonical DNA precursors dHapTP, dXTP and dITP that contain deaminated or aminogroup-modified purines. Utilization of these nucleotides by replisomes in rdgB mutants of Escherichia coli produces modified DNA, on which EndoV nicking near the base analogues initiates excision repair. Some EndoV-initiated excision events cause chromosomal fragmentation, which becomes inhibitory if recombinational repair is also inactivated (the rdgB recA co-inhibition). To reveal the sources and the identities of the non-canonical DNA precursors, intercepted by RdgB in E. coli, we characterized 17 suppressors of the rdgB recA co-inhibition. Ten suppressors affect genes of the RNA/DNA precursor metabolism, identifying the source of non-canonical DNA precursors. Comparing chromosomal fragmentation with the density of EndoV-recognized DNA modifications distinguishes three mechanisms of suppression: (i) reduction of the non-canonical dNTP production, (ii) inhibition of the base analogue excision from DNA and (iii) enhancement of the cell tolerance to chromosomal fragmentation. The suppressor analysis suggests IMP as the key intermediate in the synthesis of the clastogenic DNA precursor, most likely dITP.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology