Process sustainability of biodiesel production process from green seed canola oil using homogeneous and heterogeneous acid catalysts

Chinmoy Baroi, Ajay K. Dalai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, the sustainability of homogeneous and heterogeneous acid catalyzed biodiesel production process from green seed canola (GSC) is evaluated. The term "sustainability" is assessed based on four criteria, e.g. process economics, process safety, environmental impact and process energy efficiency. Based on the assessment, it is concluded that both the processes are economically profitable, when the cost of the feedstock is $ 0.35/kg. Heterogeneous acid catalyzed process shows higher profitability. Comparatively, heterogeneous acid catalyzed process is a safer process and creates less environmental impact. Additionally, heterogeneous acid catalyzed process is more energy efficient and more environment friendly than homogeneous process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-119
Number of pages15
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Volume133
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Energy efficiency
  • Environmental impact
  • HAZOP
  • Monte-Carlo simulation
  • P&ID
  • Process safety
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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