Proceedings of MOBICOM 2021

Elahe Soltanaghaei, Akarsh Prabhakara, Artur Balanuta, Matthew Anderson, Jan M. Rabaey, Swarun Kumar, Anthony Rowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents Millimetro, an ultra-low-power tag that can be localized at high accuracy over extended distances. We develop Mil-limetro in the context of autonomous driving to efficiently localize roadside infrastructure such as lane markers and road signs, even if obscured from view, where visual sensing fails. While RF-based localization offers a natural solution, current ultra-low-power local-ization systems struggle to operate accurately at extended ranges under strict latency requirements. Millimetro addresses this challenge by re-using existing automotive radars that operate at mmWave fre-quency where plentiful bandwidth is available to ensure high accuracy and low latency. We address the crucial free space path loss problem experienced by signals from the tag at mmWave bands by building upon Van Atta Arrays that retro-reflect incident energy back towards the transmitting radar with minimal loss and low power consumption. Our experimental results indoors and outdoors demonstrate a scal-able system that operates at a desirable range (over 100 m), accuracy (centimeter-level), and ultra-low-power (< 3 uW).
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalProceedings of the Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, MOBICOM
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 1 2022


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