Local environmental assessment (EA), mandated by five US states, has introduced complex management issues for practitioners and policy makers. Based on a review of statutes, case law, and prior EA evaluations, this paper outlines three key issue areas for local EA: linking comprehensive planning and EA; making the threshold determination process more certain; and balancing mitigation with public participation. The paper argues that all the issues reflect a central tension in environmental assessment between procedural consistency and the need for contingent responses to conditions that differ among the projects to be reviewed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Water Science and Technology
- General Environmental Science
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law