This paper describes the mathematical basis and application of a probabilistic model for recovering the direction of camera translation (heading) from optical flow. According to the theorem that heading cannot lie between two converging points in a stationary environment, one can compute the posterior probability distribution of heading across the image and choose the heading with maximum a posteriori (MAP). The model requires very simple computation, provides confidence level of the judgments, applies to both linear and curved trajectories, functions in the presence of camera rotations, and exhibited high accuracy up to 0.1°-0.2° in random dot simulations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Signal Processing
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition