Probabilistic demand models and fragility estimates for offshore wind turbine support structures

Maryam Mardfekri, Paolo Gardoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Probabilistic models are developed to predict the deformation, shear and moment demands on offshore wind turbine support structures subject to operational and environmental loadings (i.e., day to day wind, wave and current). An existing deterministic model is corrected by adding a correction term to capture the inherent bias, and model error arising from an inaccurate model form or missing variables. A database of structural responses is used to calibrate the proposed models. The database is obtained from detailed three-dimensional finite element analyses of a set of typical wind turbine systems with different design parameters. The finite element analyses account for the nonlinear soil-structure interaction. The proposed probabilistic demand models provide accurate and unbiased estimates of the demands on the support structure properly accounting for the underlying uncertainties. The models are then used to estimate the fragility of the support structure of wind turbines which is defined as the conditional probability of not meeting specified capacity levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)478-487
Number of pages10
JournalEngineering Structures
StatePublished - Jul 2013


  • Bayesian inference
  • Demand models
  • Fragility
  • Offshore wind turbines
  • Probabilistic models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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