### Abstract

We consider node-weighted network design problems, in particular the survivable network design problem (SNDP) and its prize-collecting version (PC-SNDP). The input consists of a node-weighted undirected graph G = (V,E) and integral connectivity requirements r(st) for each pair of nodes st. The goal is to find a minimum node-weighted subgraph H of G such that, for each pair st, H contains r(st) edge-disjoint paths between s and t. PC-SNDP is a generalization in which the input also includes a penalty π(st) for each pair, and the goal is to find a subgraph H to minimize the sum of the weight of H and the sum of the penalties for all pairs whose connectivity requirements are not fully satisfied by H. Let k = max _{st} r(st) be the maximum requirement. There has been no non-trivial approximation for node-weighted PC-SNDP for k > 1, the main reason being the lack of an LP relaxation based approach for node-weighted SNDP. In this paper we describe multiroute-flow based relaxations for the two problems and obtain approximation algorithms for PC-SNDP through them. The approximation ratios we obtain for PC-SNDP are similar to those that were previously known for SNDP via combinatorial algorithms. Specifically, we obtain an O(k ^{2} log n)-approximation in general graphs and an O(k ^{2})-approximation in graphs that exclude a fixed minor. The approximation ratios can be improved by a factor of k but the running times of the algorithms depend polynomially on n ^{k}.

Original language | English (US) |
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Title of host publication | Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization |

Subtitle of host publication | Algorithms and Techniques - 15th International Workshop, APPROX 2012, and 16th International Workshop, RANDOM 2012, Proceedings |

Pages | 98-109 |

Number of pages | 12 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Aug 28 2012 |

Event | 15th International Workshop on Approximation Algorithms for Combinatorial Optimization Problems, APPROX 2012 and the 16th International Workshop on Randomization and Computation, RANDOM 2012 - Cambridge, MA, United States Duration: Aug 15 2012 → Aug 17 2012 |

### Publication series

Name | Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) |
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Volume | 7408 LNCS |

ISSN (Print) | 0302-9743 |

ISSN (Electronic) | 1611-3349 |

### Other

Other | 15th International Workshop on Approximation Algorithms for Combinatorial Optimization Problems, APPROX 2012 and the 16th International Workshop on Randomization and Computation, RANDOM 2012 |
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Country | United States |

City | Cambridge, MA |

Period | 8/15/12 → 8/17/12 |

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Theoretical Computer Science
- Computer Science(all)

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## Cite this

*Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization: Algorithms and Techniques - 15th International Workshop, APPROX 2012, and 16th International Workshop, RANDOM 2012, Proceedings*(pp. 98-109). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 7408 LNCS). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-32512-0_9