Principles, Definitions, Terminology, and Orbital Analysis of Lewis Base-Lewis Acid Interactions Leading to Catalysis

Scott E Denmark, Gregory L. Beutner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter traces the historical development of Lewis's concepts of acids and bases, to chronicle various refinements and presents a number of modern interpretations of donor-acceptor interactions. It provides a conceptual framework that allows a clear formulation of what exactly "Lewis base catalysis" constitutes. As the application of quantum mechanics became more and more important to understanding structure and reactivity of organic molecules, the need to adapt Lewis's definitions of acids and bases in terms of molecular orbital theory became apparent. The expression of the interaction in quantum-mechanical terminology allowed R.S. Mulliken to recognize a number of significant consequences that were inaccessible to Lewis and his successors because of the limitations of earlier structural theories. The chapter also explores the most successful analyses beginning with an expanded presentation of the Mulliken valence bond approach through primarily empirical to highly theoretical analyses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLewis Base Catalysis in Organic Synthesis
PublisherWiley-VCH Verlag
Pages33-54
Number of pages22
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9783527675142
ISBN (Print)9783527336180
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 17 2016

Fingerprint

Lewis Bases
Lewis Acids
Terminology
Catalysis
Quantum theory
Molecular orbitals
Molecules
Acids

Keywords

  • Lewis acid-Lewis base interactions
  • Lewis base catalysis
  • Molecular orbital theory
  • Mulliken valence bond approach
  • Quantum mechanics
  • Quantum-mechanical terminology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Principles, Definitions, Terminology, and Orbital Analysis of Lewis Base-Lewis Acid Interactions Leading to Catalysis. / Denmark, Scott E; Beutner, Gregory L.

Lewis Base Catalysis in Organic Synthesis. Vol. 1 Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2016. p. 33-54.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Denmark, Scott E ; Beutner, Gregory L. / Principles, Definitions, Terminology, and Orbital Analysis of Lewis Base-Lewis Acid Interactions Leading to Catalysis. Lewis Base Catalysis in Organic Synthesis. Vol. 1 Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2016. pp. 33-54
@inbook{97cbf4a57f854a9998d62697d51bfa11,
title = "Principles, Definitions, Terminology, and Orbital Analysis of Lewis Base-Lewis Acid Interactions Leading to Catalysis",
abstract = "This chapter traces the historical development of Lewis's concepts of acids and bases, to chronicle various refinements and presents a number of modern interpretations of donor-acceptor interactions. It provides a conceptual framework that allows a clear formulation of what exactly {"}Lewis base catalysis{"} constitutes. As the application of quantum mechanics became more and more important to understanding structure and reactivity of organic molecules, the need to adapt Lewis's definitions of acids and bases in terms of molecular orbital theory became apparent. The expression of the interaction in quantum-mechanical terminology allowed R.S. Mulliken to recognize a number of significant consequences that were inaccessible to Lewis and his successors because of the limitations of earlier structural theories. The chapter also explores the most successful analyses beginning with an expanded presentation of the Mulliken valence bond approach through primarily empirical to highly theoretical analyses.",
keywords = "Lewis acid-Lewis base interactions, Lewis base catalysis, Molecular orbital theory, Mulliken valence bond approach, Quantum mechanics, Quantum-mechanical terminology",
author = "Denmark, {Scott E} and Beutner, {Gregory L.}",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1002/9783527675142.ch2",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9783527336180",
volume = "1",
pages = "33--54",
booktitle = "Lewis Base Catalysis in Organic Synthesis",
publisher = "Wiley-VCH Verlag",
address = "Germany",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Principles, Definitions, Terminology, and Orbital Analysis of Lewis Base-Lewis Acid Interactions Leading to Catalysis

AU - Denmark, Scott E

AU - Beutner, Gregory L.

PY - 2016/8/17

Y1 - 2016/8/17

N2 - This chapter traces the historical development of Lewis's concepts of acids and bases, to chronicle various refinements and presents a number of modern interpretations of donor-acceptor interactions. It provides a conceptual framework that allows a clear formulation of what exactly "Lewis base catalysis" constitutes. As the application of quantum mechanics became more and more important to understanding structure and reactivity of organic molecules, the need to adapt Lewis's definitions of acids and bases in terms of molecular orbital theory became apparent. The expression of the interaction in quantum-mechanical terminology allowed R.S. Mulliken to recognize a number of significant consequences that were inaccessible to Lewis and his successors because of the limitations of earlier structural theories. The chapter also explores the most successful analyses beginning with an expanded presentation of the Mulliken valence bond approach through primarily empirical to highly theoretical analyses.

AB - This chapter traces the historical development of Lewis's concepts of acids and bases, to chronicle various refinements and presents a number of modern interpretations of donor-acceptor interactions. It provides a conceptual framework that allows a clear formulation of what exactly "Lewis base catalysis" constitutes. As the application of quantum mechanics became more and more important to understanding structure and reactivity of organic molecules, the need to adapt Lewis's definitions of acids and bases in terms of molecular orbital theory became apparent. The expression of the interaction in quantum-mechanical terminology allowed R.S. Mulliken to recognize a number of significant consequences that were inaccessible to Lewis and his successors because of the limitations of earlier structural theories. The chapter also explores the most successful analyses beginning with an expanded presentation of the Mulliken valence bond approach through primarily empirical to highly theoretical analyses.

KW - Lewis acid-Lewis base interactions

KW - Lewis base catalysis

KW - Molecular orbital theory

KW - Mulliken valence bond approach

KW - Quantum mechanics

KW - Quantum-mechanical terminology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018351686&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85018351686&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/9783527675142.ch2

DO - 10.1002/9783527675142.ch2

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85018351686

SN - 9783527336180

VL - 1

SP - 33

EP - 54

BT - Lewis Base Catalysis in Organic Synthesis

PB - Wiley-VCH Verlag

ER -