Primal and dual dynamic Luenberger productivity indicators

Alfons Oude Lansink, Spiro Stefanou, Teresa Serra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper develops primal and dual versions of the dynamic Luenberger productivity growth measures that are based on the dynamic directional distance function and intertemporal cost minimization, respectively. The empirical application focuses on panel data of Dutch dairy farms over the period 1995-2005. Primal dynamic Luenberger productivity growth averages 1.5 percent annually in the period under investigation, with technical change being the main driver of annual change. Dual dynamic Luenberger productivity growth is -0.1 percent in the same period. Improvements in technical inefficiency and technical change are partly counteracted by deteriorations of allocative inefficiency, with large dairy farms presenting a slightly higher productivity growth than small dairy farms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)555-563
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Dairy sector
  • Directional distance function
  • Dynamics
  • Luenberger
  • Productivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Information Systems and Management


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