Preventing transmission of Sarcoptes scabiei var. suis from infested sows to nursing piglets by a prefarrowing treatment with doramectin injectable solution

L. D. Firkins, C. J. Jones, D. P. Keen, J. Arends, L. Thompson, V. L. King, T. L. Skogerboe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Studies were conducted at swine facilities in Illinois and North Carolina to evaluate the effect of treatment with doramectin injectable solution on transmission prevention of Sarcoptes scabiei var. suis from sows to nursing piglets. Approximately 42 days prefarrowing, 58 mange-free sows were experimentally infested with 200 S. scabiei in each ear. Seven to fourteen days prior to farrowing, 22 sows were given doramectin injectable intramuscularly at a dose of 300 μg/kg of body weight. A total of 21 sows served as untreated controls. Skin scrapings for mite counts and lesion scoring were performed on sows before treatment on day 21, and on either day 35 or 42. Each sow was observed on days 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35 or 42 for the incidence of scratching/rubbing. Skin scrapings, lesion scoring, and observation of scratching/rubbing were performed on the piglets after weaning and at the end of the nursery stage. Geometric mean mite counts of the untreated sows were 0.70 and 0.26 on days 21 and 35 or 42, respectively, and 0.00 for doramectin-treated sows over the same time periods (P < 0.05). Lesions scores and the incidence of scratching/rubbing were both higher in the untreated sows as compared to the doramectin-treated sows during the same time periods (P < 0.05). Geometric mean mite counts of piglets farrowed by untreated sows were 0.50 and 0.60 after weaning and at the end of the nursery stage, respectively, and 0.00 for piglets from doramectin-treated sows over the same time periods (P > 0.05). Lesion scores and the incidence of scratching/rubbing were both higher in piglets from untreated sows as compared to those piglets from doramectin-treated sows (P < 0.05). Treating S. scabiei-infested sows with doramectin injectable solution before farrowing eliminated mite infestation and prevented the transmission of S. scabiei to piglets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-330
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary parasitology
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 31 2001

Keywords

  • Doramectin injectable
  • Sarcoptes scabiei var. suis
  • Swine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)

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