Preventing Racial Injuries, Promoting Racial Justice

Helen A Neville, Lisa B. Spanierman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Abstract Although most people publicly abhor individual, interpersonal, and institutional forms of racism, racial oppression persists in the United States. This oppression manifests itself in a host of racial inequalities. In this chapter, we define racism and its corollary White privilege and we outline their contemporary expressions. We present the disrupting racism ecological model to describe the multiple and interlocking systems that create and perpetuate racial oppression. We discuss tertiary and social justice prevention-interventions on college campuses that are designed to increase students’ critical consciousness and antiracism action. Next, we review the empirical literature on the influence of diversity courses in general, dialogue courses more specifically, and particular pedagogical practices on developing students’ critical consciousness. Additionally, we review the research supporting the effects of cocurricular diversity experiences such as interracial friendships. We conclude with a discussion of the limitations of the extant research and provide future directions for prevention-intervention researchers.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Prevention in Counseling Psychology
EditorsElizabeth M Vera
PublisherOxford University Press
StatePublished - Sep 2012


  • racism
  • white privilege
  • prevention
  • social justice
  • critical consciousness


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