Pretreatment of young pigs with vitamin E attenuates the elevation in plasma interleukin-6 and cortisol caused by a challenge dose of lipopolysaccharide

Douglas M. Webel, Donald C. Mahan, Rodney W. Johnson, David H. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of a short-term, high-dose intramuscular injection of d-α- tocopherol was studied in pigs given a challenge dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Twenty-four pigs surgically fitted with jugular catheters were used in a 2 x 2 factorial design. Pigs received either 0 or 600 mg d-α-tocopherol by intramuscular injection for 3 d before receiving an intraperitoneal injection of saline containing either 0 or 5 μg/kg body weight Escherichia coli LPS. Blood was collected from indwelling jugular catheters at 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 h after injection of LPS. Plasma α-tocopherol levels were 13-fold greater (P < 0.01) at time 0 in pigs pretreated with 600 mg d-α-tocopherol (9.9 ± 1.3 mg/L) than in those not treated with d-α-tocopherol (0.74 ± 0.09 mg/L). Injection of LPS increased (P < 0.05) plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and cortisol at 2-h postinjection, regardless of vitamin E treatment. However, pigs that received α-tocopherol before the LPS challenge had substantially lower (P < 0.05) peak levels of IL-6 and cortisol than pigs not receiving α-tocopherol. These results suggest that supplementation with a surfeit level of vitamin E reduces the response of pigs to endotoxin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1657-1660
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume128
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1998

Keywords

  • Cortisol
  • Interleukin-6
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Pigs
  • Vitamin E

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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