Pressure-induced Pbca-P21/c phase transition of natural orthoenstatite: Compositional effect and its geophysical implications

Jin S. Zhang, Bruno Reynard, Gilles Montagnac, Ru Cheng Wang, Jay D. Bass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Raman spectroscopy has been employed to investigate possible compositional effects on the high-pressure phase transition of Mg-rich orthoenstatite to a newly discovered P21/c phase. Three natural orthoenstatite (OEN) samples were used in this study: near end-member Mg orthoenstatite (Zabargad Island, Egypt), Al-free, Fe-bearing orthoenstatite (Morogoro, Tanzania) and Al-rich, Fe,Ca-bearing orthoenstatite (Kilbourne Hole, New Mexico). Experiments were carried out at room temperature. For all samples, the high-pressure phase transition is characterized by a splitting of the 660-680 cm-1 doublet in the Raman spectrum into a triplet, with a corresponding change of peak intensities. These spectral changes are caused by the lowered symmetry of the high-pressure phase, as indicated by structural refinement from single-crystal X-ray diffraction results. The high-pressure phase of all samples appears to have space group P21/c. No evidence for a C2/c phase was observed. Our results indicate that upon compression, the presence of 10 mol% Fe decreases the onset pressure of formation of the high-pressure P21/c phase by about 1 GPa. Results for the Kilbourne Hole OEN show that upon compression, a combined enrichment of Al and Ca contents increases the onset pressure of formation of high-pressure clinoesntatite (HPCEN2) by over 3 GPa relative to Tanzania OEN. Upon decompression, all samples revert to single crystals of the orthoenstatite starting phase. Our measurements suggest that orthoenstatite is the prevalent phase of Mg-rich pyroxene throughout the uppermost mantle, whereas the newly discovered P21/c phase might be present near the bottom of uppermost mantle, slightly shallower than the top of the transition zone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)986-992
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume98
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

Fingerprint

enstatite
phase transition
Phase transitions
Tanzania
Bearings (structural)
Earth mantle
Egypt
single crystals
pressure reduction
Single crystals
compression
crystal
mantle
effect
Raman spectroscopy
Raman spectra
decompression
Raman scattering
transition zone
pyroxene

Keywords

  • High-pressure clinoenstatite
  • High-pressure phase transition
  • Orthoenstatite
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Upper mantle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Pressure-induced Pbca-P21/c phase transition of natural orthoenstatite : Compositional effect and its geophysical implications. / Zhang, Jin S.; Reynard, Bruno; Montagnac, Gilles; Wang, Ru Cheng; Bass, Jay D.

In: American Mineralogist, Vol. 98, No. 5-6, 01.05.2013, p. 986-992.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, Jin S. ; Reynard, Bruno ; Montagnac, Gilles ; Wang, Ru Cheng ; Bass, Jay D. / Pressure-induced Pbca-P21/c phase transition of natural orthoenstatite : Compositional effect and its geophysical implications. In: American Mineralogist. 2013 ; Vol. 98, No. 5-6. pp. 986-992.
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abstract = "Raman spectroscopy has been employed to investigate possible compositional effects on the high-pressure phase transition of Mg-rich orthoenstatite to a newly discovered P21/c phase. Three natural orthoenstatite (OEN) samples were used in this study: near end-member Mg orthoenstatite (Zabargad Island, Egypt), Al-free, Fe-bearing orthoenstatite (Morogoro, Tanzania) and Al-rich, Fe,Ca-bearing orthoenstatite (Kilbourne Hole, New Mexico). Experiments were carried out at room temperature. For all samples, the high-pressure phase transition is characterized by a splitting of the 660-680 cm-1 doublet in the Raman spectrum into a triplet, with a corresponding change of peak intensities. These spectral changes are caused by the lowered symmetry of the high-pressure phase, as indicated by structural refinement from single-crystal X-ray diffraction results. The high-pressure phase of all samples appears to have space group P21/c. No evidence for a C2/c phase was observed. Our results indicate that upon compression, the presence of 10 mol{\%} Fe decreases the onset pressure of formation of the high-pressure P21/c phase by about 1 GPa. Results for the Kilbourne Hole OEN show that upon compression, a combined enrichment of Al and Ca contents increases the onset pressure of formation of high-pressure clinoesntatite (HPCEN2) by over 3 GPa relative to Tanzania OEN. Upon decompression, all samples revert to single crystals of the orthoenstatite starting phase. Our measurements suggest that orthoenstatite is the prevalent phase of Mg-rich pyroxene throughout the uppermost mantle, whereas the newly discovered P21/c phase might be present near the bottom of uppermost mantle, slightly shallower than the top of the transition zone.",
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AB - Raman spectroscopy has been employed to investigate possible compositional effects on the high-pressure phase transition of Mg-rich orthoenstatite to a newly discovered P21/c phase. Three natural orthoenstatite (OEN) samples were used in this study: near end-member Mg orthoenstatite (Zabargad Island, Egypt), Al-free, Fe-bearing orthoenstatite (Morogoro, Tanzania) and Al-rich, Fe,Ca-bearing orthoenstatite (Kilbourne Hole, New Mexico). Experiments were carried out at room temperature. For all samples, the high-pressure phase transition is characterized by a splitting of the 660-680 cm-1 doublet in the Raman spectrum into a triplet, with a corresponding change of peak intensities. These spectral changes are caused by the lowered symmetry of the high-pressure phase, as indicated by structural refinement from single-crystal X-ray diffraction results. The high-pressure phase of all samples appears to have space group P21/c. No evidence for a C2/c phase was observed. Our results indicate that upon compression, the presence of 10 mol% Fe decreases the onset pressure of formation of the high-pressure P21/c phase by about 1 GPa. Results for the Kilbourne Hole OEN show that upon compression, a combined enrichment of Al and Ca contents increases the onset pressure of formation of high-pressure clinoesntatite (HPCEN2) by over 3 GPa relative to Tanzania OEN. Upon decompression, all samples revert to single crystals of the orthoenstatite starting phase. Our measurements suggest that orthoenstatite is the prevalent phase of Mg-rich pyroxene throughout the uppermost mantle, whereas the newly discovered P21/c phase might be present near the bottom of uppermost mantle, slightly shallower than the top of the transition zone.

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