The reversible pressure-induced transformation of crystalline barium fluorozirconates to noncrystalline solids is reported. The transformation is observed by in situ high pressure Raman spectroscopy. Since the reported crystal-to-noncrystalline transformations occur reversibly, the medium range order (MRO) of the noncrystalline solid formed can be determined; there are very few experimental methods for determining the MRO of amorphous materials. Specifically, it is reported that crystalline β-BaZr2 F 10 becomes noncrystalline at 35-45 kb, α-BaZrF6 at 65-75 kb, and β-BaZrF6 at 100-120 kb. The medium range order for the noncrystalline phases formed at high pressures is as follows: those formed from β-BaZrF6 crystals consist of kinked chains of zirconium fluoride; noncrystalline materials formed from crystals of α-BaZrF 6 contain chains which are connected in many directions forming a "net" of zirconium fluoride polyhedra; and crystals of β-BaZr2 F10 form a solid composed of distorted layers of zirconium fluoride polyhedra. More succinctly, the high pressure noncrystalline phase of β-BaZrF6 is one dimensional, of α-BaZrF6 is somewhat three dimensional, and the solid formed from β-BaZr2 F10 is fully two dimensional. This is the first report of a crystalline-to-noncrystalline transformation for a material which can be formed at ambient pressure as both a crystalline solid and as a melt-quenched glass. The relationship between the pressure-induced noncrystalline phases and their ambient pressure melt-quenched analogues is discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry