Preservation of digital data with self-validating, self-instantiating knowledge-based archives

Bertram Ludäscher, Richard Marciano, Reagan Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Digital archives are dedicated to the long-term preservation of electronic information and have the mandate to enable sustained access despite rapid technology changes. Persistent archives are confronted with heterogeneous data formats, helper applications, and platforms being used over the lifetime of the archive. This is not unlike the interoperability challenges, for which mediators are devised. To prevent technological obsolescence over time and across platforms, a migration approach for persistent archives is proposed based on an XML infrastructure. We extend current archival approaches that build upon standardized data formats and simple metadata mechanisms for collection management, by involving high-level conceptual models and knowledge representations as an integral part of the archive and the ingestion/migration processes. Infrastructure independence is maximized by archiving generic, executable specifications of (i) archival constraints (i.e., “model validators"), and (ii) archival transformations that are part of the ingestion process. The proposed architecture facilitates construction of self-validating and self-instantiating knowledge-based archives. We illustrate our overall approach and report on first experiences using a sample collection from a collaboration with the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-63
Number of pages10
JournalSIGMOD Record (ACM Special Interest Group on Management of Data)
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Information Systems

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