Preparing Youth for the World of Work: Educator Perspectives on Pre-Employment Transition Services

Erik W. Carter, Jessica M. Awsumb, Michele A. Schutz, Elise D. McMillan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Effective collaboration among schools and agencies is critical to the success of pre-employment transition services (pre-ETS). We examined the views of 596 middle and high school educators regarding pre-ETS and the employment prospects of their students with disabilities. Educators overwhelmingly affirmed that youth with disabilities needed better preparation for employment, but they were more mixed in their familiarity with pre-ETS and its associated practices. Prevailing partnerships among schools and vocational rehabilitation agencies were described as uneven and fairly limited. Educators sometimes differed in their views based on school level (i.e., middle versus high school) and community type (i.e., rural versus non-rural). We offer suggestions for research and practice aimed at enhancing the employment preparation and outcomes of youth with disabilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-173
Number of pages13
JournalCareer Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • employment
  • pre-employment transition services
  • transition
  • vocational rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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