Preparation of portland cement components by poly(vinyl alcohol) solution polymerization

Sang Jin Lee, Elizabeth A. Benson, Waltraud M. Kriven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The four components of portland cement - dicalcium silicate, C2S (Ca2SiO4); tricalcium silicate, C3S (Ca3SiO5); tricalcium aluminate, C3A (Ca3Al2O6); and tetracalcium aluminate iron oxide, C4AF (Ca4Al2Fe3O10) - were formed using a solution-polymerization route based on poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) as the polymer carrier. The powders were characterized using X-ray diffraction techniques, BET specific surface area measurements, and scanning electron microscopy. This method produced relatively pure, synthetic cement components of submicrometer or nanometer crystallite dimensions, high specific surface areas, as well as extremely high reactivity at relatively low calcining temperatures. The PVA content and its degree of polymerization had a significant influence on the homogeneity of the final powders. Two types of degree of polymerization (DP) PVA were used. Lower crystallization temperatures and smaller particle size powders were obtained from the low-DP-type PVA at optimum content.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2049-2055
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume82
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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