Preparation of metallo-dielectric photonic crystals by multi-photon direct laser writing

Stephen M. Kuebler, Amir Tal, Yun Sheng Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Metallo-dielectric photonic crystals (MDPCs) can exhibit intriguing and potentially useful optical properties, including ultra-wide photonic bandgaps, engineered thermal emission, and negative refractive index. But access to such materials has been limited by the lack of suitable methods for their preparation. We have developed a route to three-dimensional (3D) MDPCs that involves fabricating a polymeric pre-form by multi-photon direct laser writing and then conformally depositing metal onto the pre-form by electroless metallization. We use the approach to prepare silver- and copper-plated "woodpile" PCs having face-centered tetragonal symmetry and unit-cell period of several micrometers. The resulting 3D metallized structures exhibit mid-infrared reflectance that is consistent with theory and experimental observations obtained for MDPCs prepared by other routes. These data indicate that multi-photon direct laser writing coupled with electroless metallization is a viable route to complex 3D MDPCs of many symmetries and basis sets and provides a path for integrating such structures with other micron-scale optical elements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhotonic Crystal Materials and Devices VII
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
EventPhotonic Crystal Materials and Devices VII - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 21 2008Jan 23 2008

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


ConferencePhotonic Crystal Materials and Devices VII
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA


  • Direct laser writing
  • Infrared micro-optical systems
  • Metallo-dielectrics
  • Photonic crystals
  • Two-photon microfabrication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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