Preparation and microstructure characterization of anodic spark deposited barium titanate conversion layers

J. Schreckenbach, F. Schlottig, G. Marx, W. M. Kriven, O. O. Popoola, M. H. Jilavi, S. D. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Anodic spark deposition (ASD) is an advanced plasma-electrochemical coating process to prepare polycrystalline, ceramic-like conversion coatings on metal surfaces. As an example, polycrystalline barium titanate (BaTiO3) phases have been prepared by the anodic conversion of metal substrate and the metal ions in the electrolyte. By a combination of various characterization techniques, the configuration of the coating was elucidated. On the metal substrate a thin (approx. 50 nm) passivating amorphous film of titania (TiO2) first forms, which subsequently changes to anatase and rutile structures. With increasing anodic potentials, a plasma-chemical conversion reaction starts, leading to the heterogeneous formation of BaTiO3 layers of 2-10 μm thickness. The results of this study lead to the formulation of a model describing a polycrystalline and inhomogeneous layer configuration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1437-1443
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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