The recent development of a high-yield expression system and purification scheme for mandelate racemase has enabled us to produce sufficiently large quantities of pure enzyme to pursue x-ray crystallographic study. Large, single crystals of mandelate racemase have been grown from buffered polyethylene glycol (pH 8.0) in the presence of 10 mM magnesium chloride. The crystals grow in several habits, and we have identified two distinct tetragonal space groups in preliminary x-ray diffraction analysis. Crystals shaped as rectangular plates demonstrate 4/mmm Laue symmetry and systematic absences consistent with the space group I422. They have cell dimensions of a = b = 153 A and c = 181 A. Octahedrally shaped crystals of mandelate racemase display 4/m Laue symmetry and systematic absences consistent with the space group 14. Cell dimensions for these crystals are a = b = 113 A and c = 124 A. Based on estimates of Vm and on the measured density of the 1422 form, we suggest that two subunits of mandelate racemase (38,570 daltons/subunit) occupy the asymmetric unit in both crystal forms. Crystals of both forms diffract to beyond 3.0-A resolution. We are currently screening for isomorphous heavy-atom derivatives.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||The Journal of biological chemistry|
|State||Published - Jul 5 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology