Preliminary investigation of teaching older adults the tuck-and-roll strategy: Can older adults learn to fall with reduced impact severity

Yaejin Moon, Alka Bishnoi, Ruopeng Sun, Jong Cheol Shin, Jacob J Sosnoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Falls are common and potentially disastrous for older adults. A novel approach that could augment current fall prevention procedures is to teach older adults movement strategies to reduce the risk of injury. The purpose of the study was to determine whether older adults can learn a movement strategy (“tuck-and-roll”) that reduces fall impact severity. Learning was quantified with short-term acquisition, bilateral transfer and 1-week-retention. 14 healthy older individuals participated (63.9 ± 5.6 years) in the investigation. Participants were randomly assigned into either training group (n = 7) or active control group (n = 7). All participants performed standardized sideway falls at baseline, immediately post intervention and 1-week-retention tests. During the falling assessments, kinetic and kinematic impact severity parameters were measured. The results for short-term learning revealed that the training group showed greater reduction in hip impact force (33% reduction) than the control group (16% reduction). Furthermore, there was partial bilateral transfer effect and 1-week retention observed in the training group. The observations provide preliminary evidence that teaching tuck-and-roll strategy to older adults has potential effect. The observations provide preliminary evidence that older adults might reduce impact severity utilizing tuck-and-roll strategy during unpredictably-timed sideway falls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-297
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume83
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 23 2019

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Keywords

  • Falls
  • Impact
  • Injury
  • Movement
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Rehabilitation

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