Preliminary examination of archaeological remains from Fort Johnson and Cantonment Davis: two War of 1812-era military posts at the Des Moines Rapids of the Mississippi River.

David J. Nolan, Robert N. Hickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In September 1814, Brevet Major Zachary Taylor established Fort Johnson on the eastern bluffs of the Mississippi to assert American control over the mouth of the Des Moines River and points northward. Completed in a matter of weeks, the fort and its works were razed in late October of the same year when the troops ran out of provisions and retreated downriver to the St. Louis area. The following October, a temporary winter camp called Cantonment Davis was established near the fort ruins as a staging ground for building Fort Edwards, a subsequent military trading post. This article presents highlights from the archaeological search for the fort/cantonment location and recent excavations undertaken at the site, with a special focus on the armaments-related assemblage.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257--298
JournalMidcontinental Journal of Archaeology
Volume37
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • ISAS

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