Predispositional engagement, activity engagement, and cognition among older adults.

Jeanine M. Parisi, Elizabeth A.L. Stine-Morrow, Soo Rim Noh, Daniel G. Morrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We investigated interrelationships between the predisposition toward approaching experiences in a mindful and creative way, participation in specific activities, and cognition among older adults. Participants were administered a battery measuring cognition (i.e., working memory, processing speed, divergent thinking, inductive reasoning, visuo-spatial processing), activity level, and the predisposition towards mental engagement (Need for Cognition, Mindfulness, and Openness to Experience). Results indicated that predispositional engagement and activity engagement are distinct constructs that independently contribute to different aspects of fluid ability, highlighting the importance of considering both the predisposition toward mental engagement as well as the habitual tendency to participate in activities when exploring principles of cognitive optimization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-504
Number of pages20
JournalNeuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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