Predictive modeling for glass-side laser scribing of thin film photovoltaic cells

Hongliang Wang, Shan Ting Hsu, Huade Tan, Y. Lawrence Yao, Hongqiang Chen, Magdi N. Azer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Laser scribing of multilayer-thin-film solar cells is an important process for producing integrated serial interconnection of mini-modules, used to reduce photocurrent and resistance losses in a large-area solar cell. Quality of such scribing contributes to the overall quality and efficiency of the solar cell, and therefore predictive capabilities of the process are essential. Limited numerical work has been performed in predicting the thin film laser removal processes. In this study, a fully-coupled multilayer thermal and mechanical finite element model is developed to analyze the laser-induced spatio-temporal temperature and thermal stress responsible for SnO2:F film removal. A plasma expansion induced pressure model is also investigated to simulate the nonthermal film removal of CdTe due to the micro-explosion process. Corresponding experiments of SnO2:F films on glass substrates by 1064 nm ns laser irradiation show a similar removal process to that predicted in the simulation. Differences between the model and experimental results are discussed and future model refinements are proposed. Both simulation and experimental results from glass-side laser scribing show clean film removal with minimum thermal effects indicating minimal changes to material electrical properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number051004
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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