Predictive modeling for glass-side laser scribing of thin film photovoltaic cells

Hongliang Wang, Shan Ting Hsu, Huade Tan, Y. Lawrence Yao, Hongqiang Chen, Magdi N. Azer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Laser scribing of multilayer thin films is an important process for producing integrated serial interconnection of mini-modules, used to reduce photocurrent and resistance losses in a large-area solar cell. Quality of such scribing contributes to the overall quality and efficiency of the solar cell and therefore predictive capabilities of the process are essential. Limited numerical work has been performed in predicting the thin film laser removal processes. In this study, a sequentially-coupled multilayer thermal and mechanical finite element model is developed to analyze the laser-induced spatio-temporal temperature and thermal stress responsible for SnO2:F film removal. A plasma expansion induced pressure model is also investigated to simulate the non-thermal film removal of CdTe due to the micro-explosion process. Corresponding experiments on SnO2:F films on glass substrates by 1064nm ns laser irradiation show a similar removal process to that predicted in the simulation. Differences between the model and experimental results are discussed and future model refinements are proposed. Both simulation and experimental results from glass-side laser scribing show clean film removal with minimum thermal effects indicating minimal changes to material electrical properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication40th North American Manufacturing Research Conference 2012 - Transactions of the North American Manufacturing Research Institution of SME
Pages361-370
Number of pages10
StatePublished - Nov 28 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event40th Annual North American Manufacturing Research Conference, NAMRC40 - Notre Dame, IN, United States
Duration: Jun 4 2012Jun 8 2012

Publication series

NameTransactions of the North American Manufacturing Research Institution of SME
Volume40
ISSN (Print)1047-3025

Other

Other40th Annual North American Manufacturing Research Conference, NAMRC40
CountryUnited States
CityNotre Dame, IN
Period6/4/126/8/12

Keywords

  • CdTe
  • Laser scribing
  • Modeling
  • Multilayer thin films
  • SnO:F
  • Solar cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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