Predicting Electrode Shape Change with Use of Finite Element Methods

Richard Alkire, Terry Bergh, Robert L. Sani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A method of numerical calculation is developed for predicting twodimensional shape changes at a cathode during electrodeposition. The calculation uses finite element methods to obtain the secondary potential field distribution in an electrolysis cell. The cathode shape initially consists of parallel metal strips which are separated by, and coplanar with, insulating strips; the anode is at a fixed distance from the cathode. Transient numerical calculations provide a complete time history of cathode shape during deposition. Results are obtained in order to compile dimensionless shape change dependence on coulombs passed, polarization parameter, applied potential, and initial cathode shape.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1981-1988
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1978


  • current distribution
  • electrodeposition
  • finite element
  • mathematical model
  • potential distribution
  • shape change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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