Predicting dysphoria and hostility using the diathesis-stress model of sociotropy and autonomy in a contextualized stress setting

Chitra Raghavan, Huynh Nhu Le, Howard Berenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We examined the diathesis-stress model of sociotropy and autonomy in the prediction of dysphoria and self-reported hostility. Participants were 39 women who had recently relocated to the United States. Because participants relocated at approximately the same time and for the same reasons (husband enrolled in a university program), we were able to measure multiple stressors that occurred in the same context (relocation). We measured stress comprehensively using semistructured interviews and coded each negative stressor into interpersonal and achievement categories. The match between sociotropy and interpersonal stressors predicted dysphoria, whereas the match between autonomy and achievement stressors predicted hostility. Implications for the diathesis-stress model of sociotropy-autonomy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number368365
Pages (from-to)231-244
Number of pages14
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • autonomy
  • depression
  • hostility
  • sociotropy
  • stressful life events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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