Purpose. We evaluated the usefulness of power Doppler imaging (PDI) in diagnosing acute renal-transplant rejection. Methods. Twenty-eight patients underwent 33 renal-transplant biopsies for suspected acute rejection. Patterns of renal parenchymal vascularity revealed by PDI in patients with abnormal biopsy results were compared with patterns in a group who had normal biopsy results. PDI examinations were reviewed retrospectively by 2 independent radiologists who had no knowledge of the biopsy results. A PDI diagnosis of acute rejection required marked vascular pruning in both the cortex and medulla. PDI results then were compared with transplant-biopsy results. Results. The sensitivity and specificity of PDI for diagnosing acute renal-transplant rejection were 40% and 100%, respectively. None of the patients with negative biopsy results had PDI abnormalities. The negative predictive value of PDI was 33%, and the positive predictive value was 100%. Conclusions. In our study, an abnormal sonogram was highly predictive of acute transplant rejection. However, a normal sonogram did not exclude the possibility of rejection.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Ultrasound|
|State||Published - May 1999|
- Doppler ultrasonography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging