Potato ingestion is as effective as carbohydrate gels to support prolonged cycling performance

Amadeo F. Salvador, Colleen F. Mckenna, Rafael A. Alamilla, Ryan M. T. Cloud, Alexander R. Keeble, Adriana Miltko, Susannah E. Scaroni, Joseph W. Beals, Alexander V. Ulanov, Ryan N. Dilger, Laura L. Bauer, Elizabeth M. Broad, Nicholas A. Burd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Carbohydrate (CHO) ingestion is an established strategy to improve endurance performance. Race fuels should not only sustain performance but also be readily digested and absorbed. Potatoes are a whole-food-based option that fulfills these criteria, yet their impact on performance remains unexamined. We investigated the effects of potato pureé ingestion during prolonged cycling on subsequent performance vs. commercial CHO gel or a water-only condition. Twelve cyclists (70.7 ± 7.7 kg, 173 ± 8 cm, 31 ± 9 yr, 22 ± 5.1% body fat; means ± SD) with average peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak) of 60.7 ± 9.0 mL•kg -1•min -1 performed a 2-h cycling challenge (60-85%VO2 peak) followed by a time trial (TT; 6 kJ/kg body mass) while consuming potato, gel, or water in a randomized-crossover design. The race fuels were administered with [U-13C6]glucose for an indirect estimate of gastric emptying rate. Blood samples were collected throughout the trials. Blood glucose concentrations were higher (P < 0.001) in potato and gel conditions compared with water condition. Blood lactate concentrations were higher (P = 0.001) after the TT completion in both CHO conditions compared with water condition. TT performance was improved (P = 0.032) in both potato (33.0 ± 4.5 min) and gel (33.0 ± 4.2 min) conditions compared with water condition (39.5 ± 7.9 min). Moreover, no difference was observed in TT performance between CHO conditions (P = 1.00). In conclusion, potato and gel ingestion equally sustained blood glucose concentrations and TT performance. Our results support the effective use of potatoes to support race performance for trained cyclists. NEW & NOTEWORTHY The ingestion of concentrated carbohydrate gels during prolonged exercise has been shown to promote carbohydrate availability and improve exercise performance. Our study aim was to expand and diversify race fueling menus for athletes by providing an evidence-based whole-food alternative to the routine ingestion of gels during training and competition. Our work shows that russet potato ingestion during prolonged cycling is as effective as carbohydrate gels to support exercise performance in trained athletes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1651-1659
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume127
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Carbohydrate
  • Endurance
  • Exercise
  • Sports nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Salvador, A. F., Mckenna, C. F., Alamilla, R. A., Cloud, R. M. T., Keeble, A. R., Miltko, A., Scaroni, S. E., Beals, J. W., Ulanov, A. V., Dilger, R. N., Bauer, L. L., Broad, E. M., & Burd, N. A. (2019). Potato ingestion is as effective as carbohydrate gels to support prolonged cycling performance. Journal of Applied Physiology, 127(6), 1651-1659. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00567.2019