Post-stall hysteresis and flow field unsteadiness on an NACA 0012 airfoil

Georgi Hristov, Phillip J. Ansell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The current study was conducted to understand flow field unsteadiness associated with static stall hysteresis on an NACA 0012 airfoil at Rec= 1.0 × 106. Unsteady pressure measurements were acquired to evaluate the performance of the airfoil, and the presence of a hysteresis loop was identified in the vicinity of the airfoil Cl,max. Two fundamentally different flow regimes were observed at post-stall angles of attack for the airfoil during an upstroke and downstroke branches of the hysteresis loop. A Fourier analysis of the surface pressure distributions was used to attribute the flow field unsteadiness to a low-frequency, highamplitude oscillation in the flow near the leading edge in the flow field during the upstroke, along with a regular bluff-body shedding frequency across the separated region of the airfoil. The low-frequency oscillations were observed to be more dominant for the upstroke branch, while the bluff-body shedding process was more dominant in the downstroke branch. The flow field unsteadiness was observed to become more energetic at lower post-stall angles of attack. In addition, time-resolve particle image velocimetry data were acquired across the leadingedge region of the airfoil to qualitatively and quantitatively describe the unsteadiness in the flow. These data were used to link the low-frequency oscillations across the leading edge of the airfoil during the upstroke to a quasi-periodic surging of the flow, which was also associated with an advancement and retreating of the separation location across the surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA SciTech Forum - 55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781624104473
StatePublished - 2017
Event55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - Grapevine, United States
Duration: Jan 9 2017Jan 13 2017

Publication series

NameAIAA SciTech Forum - 55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting


Other55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
CountryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering

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