Possible Alternative Transformation Tougheners to Zirconia: Crystallographic Aspects

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Several new potential alternative transformation tougheners to zirconia have been identified on the basis of crystallographic considerations and experimental observations. Examples can be found in ceramics, minerals, and components of glass and of cement. The displacive transformations exhibit martensitic characteristics of dusting or self‐disintegration, and a critical particle size effect operates. Large positive volume changes (< 12%) accompany the transformations on cooling, in the lanthanide sesquioxides (Ln2O3), dicalcium silicate (Ca2SiO4), and nickel sulfide (NiS). High Ms temperatures (<2000°C) in the Ln2O3 compounds also suggest the possibility of high‐temperature transformation toughening. Detrimental negative volume changes are seen in composites with enstatite (MgO · SiO2) and the lanthanide borates (LnBO3). The relative effects of volume change, X‐ray unit‐cell shape change, and the (martensitic) macroscopic shape change on the mechanical properties of a composite ceramic can thus be investigated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1021-1030
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume71
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1988

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Lanthanoid Series Elements
Rare earth elements
Zirconia
volume change
Borates
Toughening
Martensitic transformations
Composite materials
ceramics
Silicates
Minerals
Cements
rare earth element
Particle size
Nickel
Cooling
Glass
Mechanical properties
enstatite
borate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Possible Alternative Transformation Tougheners to Zirconia : Crystallographic Aspects. / Kriven, Waltraud M.

In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 71, No. 12, 12.1988, p. 1021-1030.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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