Positive Psychological Well-Being and Cardiovascular Disease: JACC Health Promotion Series

Laura D. Kubzansky, Jeff C. Huffman, Julia K. Boehm, Rosalba Hernandez, Eric S. Kim, Hayami K. Koga, Emily H. Feig, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Martin E.P. Seligman, Darwin R. Labarthe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Facets of positive psychological well-being, such as optimism, have been identified as positive health assets because they are prospectively associated with the 7 metrics of cardiovascular health (CVH) and improved outcomes related to cardiovascular disease. Connections between psychological well-being and cardiovascular conditions may be mediated through biological, behavioral, and psychosocial pathways. Individual-level interventions, such as mindfulness-based programs and positive psychological interventions, have shown promise for modifying psychological well-being. Further, workplaces are using well-being–focused interventions to promote employee CVH, and these interventions represent a potential model for expanding psychological well-being programs to communities and societies. Given the relevance of psychological well-being to promoting CVH, this review outlines clinical recommendations to assess and promote well-being in encounters with patients. Finally, a research agenda is proposed. Additional prospective observational studies are needed to understand mechanisms underlying the connection between psychological well-being and cardiovascular outcomes. Moreover, rigorous intervention trials are needed to assess whether psychological well-being–promoting programs can improve cardiovascular outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1382-1396
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume72
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 18 2018

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Health Promotion
Cardiovascular Diseases
Psychology
Health
Psychological Models
Mindfulness
Occupational Health
Workplace
Observational Studies
Prospective Studies
Research

Keywords

  • cardiovascular disease
  • cardiovascular health
  • health behaviors
  • optimism
  • positive psychological well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Positive Psychological Well-Being and Cardiovascular Disease : JACC Health Promotion Series. / Kubzansky, Laura D.; Huffman, Jeff C.; Boehm, Julia K.; Hernandez, Rosalba; Kim, Eric S.; Koga, Hayami K.; Feig, Emily H.; Lloyd-Jones, Donald M.; Seligman, Martin E.P.; Labarthe, Darwin R.

In: Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Vol. 72, No. 12, 18.09.2018, p. 1382-1396.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Kubzansky, LD, Huffman, JC, Boehm, JK, Hernandez, R, Kim, ES, Koga, HK, Feig, EH, Lloyd-Jones, DM, Seligman, MEP & Labarthe, DR 2018, 'Positive Psychological Well-Being and Cardiovascular Disease: JACC Health Promotion Series', Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 72, no. 12, pp. 1382-1396. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2018.07.042
Kubzansky, Laura D. ; Huffman, Jeff C. ; Boehm, Julia K. ; Hernandez, Rosalba ; Kim, Eric S. ; Koga, Hayami K. ; Feig, Emily H. ; Lloyd-Jones, Donald M. ; Seligman, Martin E.P. ; Labarthe, Darwin R. / Positive Psychological Well-Being and Cardiovascular Disease : JACC Health Promotion Series. In: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2018 ; Vol. 72, No. 12. pp. 1382-1396.
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