Developing portable and low-cost methods for quantitative detection of large protein biomarkers and small molecular toxins can play a significant role in controlling and preventing diseases or toxins outbreaks. Despite years of research, most current methods still require laboratory-based or customized devices that are not widely available to the general public for quantitative analysis. We have previously demonstrated the use of personal glucose meters (PGMs) and functional DNAs for the detection of many nonglucose targets. However, the range of targets detectable by functional DNAs is limited at the current stage. To expand the range of targets that can be detected by PGMs, we report here the use of antibodies in combination with sandwich and competitive assays for quantitative detection of protein biomarkers (PSA, with a detection limit of 0.4 ng/mL) and small molecular toxins (Ochratoxin A, with a detection limit of 6.8 ng/mL), respectively. In both assay methods, with invertase conjugates as the link, quantitative detection is achieved via the dependence between the concentrations of the targets in the sample and the glucose measured by PGMs. Given the wide availability of antibodies for numerous targets, the methods demonstrated here can expand the range of target detection by PGMs significantly.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry