The interaction of chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-grown graphene films with water was studied by means of in situ angle-dependent X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). We found that when the graphene layer is in contact with water there is a reduction in the π∗ peak intensity in the carbon K-edge absorption spectra, accompanied by an extension of the φ∗ peak to lower energies, which are indicative of chemical modifications of the graphene and a reduction in the number of unsaturated carbon bonds due to the covalent attachment of contaminant species. In addition to the chemical changes a decrease in the dichroic ratio measured by polarized XAS measurements was observed, which indicates an increase on the nanometer scale corrugation. These changes can strongly influence the electronic properties, mechanical robustness, and resistance to sloughing, as well as graphene reactivity. (Chemical Equation Presented).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films