Plecoptera (Stoneflies)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The order Plecoptera, or stoneflies, is ancient. It is comprised of some 2000. species and 16 families split into two suborders, the Arctoperlaria and the Antarctoperlaria. Stoneflies are hemimetabolous, having eggs, nymphs, and adults as life stages. Nymphs feed at two trophic levels, as detritivores and as predators. The Arctoperlaria employ a vibrational communication system, drumming, that aids in mate recognition and location. Stoneflies are the most environmentally sensitive of aquatic insects and are lost from streams and cool lakes as a result of relatively minor disturbance. Important research in the future relates to the description of new species in the Oriental, Palaearctic, and Neotropical biogeographic realms, the phylogeny of higher taxa in the order, questions of large scale biogeographic interest, the role of stoneflies in food webs, and the conservation ecology and genetics of the order.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Inland Waters
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages415-422
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780123706263
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Fingerprint

stonefly
Nymph
Plecoptera
Food Chain
Phylogeny
Lakes
Ecology
Eggs
Insects
mate location
Communication
nymphs
mate recognition
ecozone
Research
aquatic insects
trophic level
detritivores
communications technology
food web

Keywords

  • Antarctoperlaria
  • Arctoperlaria
  • Conservation
  • Emergence
  • Feeding
  • Imperiled Species
  • Life History
  • Mating
  • Morphology
  • Plecoptera

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Dewalt, R. E. (2009). Plecoptera (Stoneflies). In Encyclopedia of Inland Waters (pp. 415-422). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012370626-3.00185-X

Plecoptera (Stoneflies). / Dewalt, Ralph Edward.

Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. Elsevier Inc., 2009. p. 415-422.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Dewalt, RE 2009, Plecoptera (Stoneflies). in Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. Elsevier Inc., pp. 415-422. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012370626-3.00185-X
Dewalt RE. Plecoptera (Stoneflies). In Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. Elsevier Inc. 2009. p. 415-422 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012370626-3.00185-X
Dewalt, Ralph Edward. / Plecoptera (Stoneflies). Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. Elsevier Inc., 2009. pp. 415-422
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