Platinum ω-Alkenyl Compounds as Chemical Vapor Deposition Precursors. Mechanistic Studies of the Thermolysis of Pt[CH2CMe2CH2CH= CH2]2in Solution and the Origin of Rapid Nucleation

Sumeng Liu, Zhejun Zhang, John R. Abelson, Gregory S. Girolami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The compound cis-bis(η1,η2-2,2-dimethylpent-4-en-1-yl)platinum, Pt[CH2CMe2CH2CH= CH2]2 (3), is a recently discovered chemical vapor deposition (CVD) precursor for the deposition of highly smooth platinum thin films without nucleation delays on a variety of substrates. This paper describes detailed mechanistic studies of the pathway by which 3 reacts upon being heated in solution. In various solvents between 90 and 130 °C, 3 decomposes to generate ∼1 equiv of 4,4-dimethylpentenes by addition of a hydrogen atom to the pentenyl ligands in 3. The "extra"hydrogen atoms arise by dehydrogenation of other pentenyl ligands; some of these dehydrogenated ligands are released as methyl-substituted methylenecyclobutanes and cyclobutenes. A combination of isotope labeling and kinetic studies suggests that 3 decomposes by C-H activation of both allylic and olefinic C-H bonds to give transient platinum hydride intermediates, followed by reductive elimination steps to form the pentene products, but that the exact mechanism is solvent-dependent. In C6F6, solvent association occurs before C-H bond activation, and the rate-determining step for thermolysis is most likely the formation of a Pt σ complex. In hydrocarbon solvents, the solvent is little involved before C-H bond activation, and the rate-determining step is most likely the formation of a Pt σ complex only for γ-C-H and ϵ-C-H bond activation, but cleavage or formation of a C-H bond for δ-C-H bond activation. A comparison of the thermolysis reactions under CVD conditions and in solution suggests that the high smoothness of the CVD-grown films is due in part to rapid nucleation (which is a consequence of the availability of low-barrier C= C bond dissociation pathways) and in part to the formation of carbon-containing species that passivate the Pt surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3817-3829
Number of pages13
JournalOrganometallics
Volume39
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 9 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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