Plasticity in ploidy: A generalized response to stress

Daniel R. Scholes, Ken N Paige

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Endoreduplication, the replication of the genome without mitosis, leads to an increase in the cellular ploidy of an organism over its lifetime, a condition termed 'endopolyploidy'. Endopolyploidy is thought to play significant roles in physiology and development through cellular, metabolic, and genetic effects. While the occurrence of endopolyploidy has been observed widely across taxa, studies have only recently begun to characterize and manipulate endopolyploidy with a focus on its ecological and evolutionary importance. No compilation of these examples implicating endoreduplication as a generalized response to stress has thus far been made, despite the growing evidence supporting this notion. We review here the recent literature of stress-induced endopolyploidy and suggest that plants employ endoreduplication as an adaptive, plastic response to mitigate the effects of stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-175
Number of pages11
JournalTrends in Plant Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015


  • Endopolyploidy
  • Endoreduplication
  • Environment
  • Plant
  • Response
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


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