Plasmonic photosynthesis of C 1 –C 3 hydrocarbons from carbon dioxide assisted by an ionic liquid

Sungju Yu, Prashant Jain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Photochemical conversion of CO 2 into fuels has promise as a strategy for storage of intermittent solar energy in the form of chemical bonds. However, higher-energy-value hydrocarbons are rarely produced by this strategy, because of kinetic challenges. Here we demonstrate a strategy for green-light-driven synthesis of C 1 –C 3 hydrocarbons from CO 2 and H 2 O. In this approach, plasmonic excitation of Au nanoparticles produces a charge-rich environment at the nanoparticle/solution interface conducive for CO 2 activation, while an ionic liquid stabilizes charged intermediates formed at this interface, facilitating multi-step reduction and C–C coupling. Methane, ethylene, acetylene, propane, and propene are photosynthesized with a C 2+ selectivity of ~50% under the most optimal conditions. Hydrocarbon turnover exhibits a volcano relationship as a function of the ionic liquid concentration, the kinetic analysis of which coupled with density functional theory simulations provides mechanistic insights into the synergy between plasmonic excitation and the ionic liquid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2022
JournalNature communications
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Fingerprint

Ionic Liquids
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
Carbon Monoxide
Hydrocarbons
Carbon Dioxide
carbon dioxide
hydrocarbons
Nanoparticles
liquids
Solar Energy
Methyl Green
Acetylene
Propane
nanoparticles
Kinetics
Volcanoes
Chemical bonds
Methane
kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Plasmonic photosynthesis of C 1 –C 3 hydrocarbons from carbon dioxide assisted by an ionic liquid . / Yu, Sungju; Jain, Prashant.

In: Nature communications, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2022, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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