Plasma and urinary concentrations of trimetoquinol by LC-MS-MS following intravenous and intra-tracheal administration to horses with heaves

F. C. Camargo, N. E. Robinson, L. Dirikolu, C. Berney, S. Eberhart, F. J. Derksen, A. F. Lehner, J. May, C. Hughes, T. Tobin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Trimetoquinol (TMQ) is a very potent and fast acting bronchodilator in horses with heaves. This study assessed the plasma and urinary concentrations of TMQ in horses with heaves following administration via the intravenous (IV, 0.2 μg/kg) and intra-tracheal (IT, 2 μg/kg) routes. TMQ was administered to six horses affected with heaves (RAO - Recurrent Airway Obstruction, used interchangeably) by the above routes and plasma and urine samples collected and stored at -20°C until analyzed. Solid Phase Extraction (SPE) of TMQ was followed by highly sensitive ESI(+)-LC-MS-MS (ElectroSpray Ionization, positive mode - Liquid Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry - Mass Spectrometry); with a Limit of Detection (LOD) estimated at 1 pg/mL. Following IV administration, TMQ plasma levels peaked at 1 min at 707 pg/mL, and at 9 min at 306 pg/mL following IT administration. Our results show that TMQ plasma concentrations decline rapidly following IV administration, which is consistent with the fast onset and short duration of TMQ effect that was observed in our previous studies. On the other hand, IT administration showed a very unique plasma concentration pattern. From a regulatory standpoint, the current available TMQ ELISA kit was also used in an attempt to detect TMQ from the plasma and urine samples. We report that the ELISA kit was unable to detect TMQ from any of the samples generated in these studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-510
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • veterinary(all)

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