The Anthropocene is the period of Earth history since the Industrial Revolution and is defined by the impact of mankind on the environment. Greenhouse gas concentrations, temperatures, precipitation, and atmospheric pollutants have changed significantly from 1750 to today. Climatic and environmental change will accelerate in the twenty-first century. Plants act as pivot points in global biogeochemical cycles. Plants provide many important ecosystem services including food production. Elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration enhances plant productivity. Rising temperature stimulates plant productivity at high latitudes but impairs plant productivity at many temperate and tropical latitudes. Greater drought impairs plant productivity. Elevated ozone (O3) concentration impairs plant productivity. Crop plants can be adapted to future environmental change. Future environmental change can be mitigated by appropriate management of plants in agricultural and natural ecosystems.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)