Placement of Energy Sources for Electric Transportation in Smart Cities

Klara Nahrstedt, Siting Chang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The raising concerns of energy consumption and air pollution advance the development of electric vehicle technologies and promote the increased deployment of Electric Vehicles (EVs) towards electric transportation. The increasing number of EVs on the road network leads to a growing challenge of electricity management for the power grid to promptly supply electricity to EVs. In order to address this challenge, we need to carefully plan the energy sources and energy delivery via charging facilities to EVs, taking into consideration interdependencies between roads/transportation and electric grid. In this paper, we focus on studying the placement of energy sources and their charging facilities for EVs by developing a 2-stage planning process. We study the placement of two types of charging facilities: charging stations and dynamic wireless charging pads. The first stage of the planning process is to determine the optimal locations for placing the charging facilities to serve the maximum amount of EVs on the road network. Given the selected optimal locations, the second stage is to determine the capacity of the charging service locations with the purpose of minimizing the total waiting time of EV drivers across the road network to charge their EVs. We show the effectiveness of the 2-stage planning process on a sample road network during our performance evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 IEEE International Conference on Smart Computing, SMARTCOMP 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781509008988
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 28 2016
Event2nd IEEE International Conference on Smart Computing, SMARTCOMP 2016 - St. Louis, United States
Duration: May 18 2016May 20 2016

Publication series

Name2016 IEEE International Conference on Smart Computing, SMARTCOMP 2016

Other

Other2nd IEEE International Conference on Smart Computing, SMARTCOMP 2016
CountryUnited States
CitySt. Louis
Period5/18/165/20/16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Urban Studies

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