Pigment Production in Ajuga Cell Cultures

Mary Ann Lila, Randy B. Rogers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Within the genus Ajuga, a number of selections have been cultivated in vitro as sources of valuable secondary metabolites (phytochemicals). Phytochemicals such as ferulic acid, and avonoids, including acylated anthocyanin pigments with a higher degree of stability, are harvested from cell cultures of A. reptans, and from purple foliage-cultivars of the related species A. pyramidalis (Callebaut et al., 1997; Madhavi et al., 1996, 1997). Cell and root cultures from A. turkestanica and A. reptans are also sources of adaptogenic phytoecdysteroids, which alleviate fatigue and enhance the nonspecic resistance of a consumer (Cheng et al., 2008; Gorelick-Feldman et al., 2008). In the following laboratory exercises, a few selections from the genus Ajuga are used to demonstrate pigment accumulation in microshoots as well as unorganized (callus and suspension) cultures, and to demonstrate the inuence of experimental factors on the quality of product.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPlant Tissue Culture, Development, and Biotechnology
PublisherCRC Press
Pages531-541
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781439896143
ISBN (Print)9781420083279
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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