Phytophthora blight (Phytophthora capsici) of pepper and its management

M. Babadoost, C. Pavon, S. Z. Islam, D. Tian

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Phytophthora blight, caused by Phytophthora capsici, is one of the most important diseases of peppers. P. capsici can infect pepper plants at all growth stages, causing seedling death, root rot, crown rot, stem blight, leaf spot, and fruit rot. Three approaches were evaluated for management of Phytophthora blight in peppers, which included: (i) using resistant cultivars, (ii) crop rotation, and (iii) fungicide application. To identify resistant pepper cultivars to P. capsici, cultivars/lines of bell pepper were tested in the greenhouse and field, and several cultivars were found resistant/tolerant to P. capsici. To establish effective crop rotations for management of P. capsici, hostrange of the pathogen was determined and survival of the pathogen in four soil textures and three soil depths were investigated. A four-year crop rotation with nonhost plants and effective weed control are recommended for management of Phytophthora blight of peppers. Twenty six fungicides were evaluated for their efficacy for control of P. capsici. Ametoctradin + dimethomorph (Zampro 525F), cyazofamid (Ranman 400SC), dimethomorph (Forum 4.16 SC), famoxadone + cymoxanil (Tanos 50WDG), fluazinam (Omega 500F), fluopicolide (Presidio 4SC), mandipropamid (Revus 2.09SC), mefenoxam (Ridomil Gold 4SC, Ridomil Gold Copper 70WP), phosphonates (ProPhyt 4.2F), and zoxamide + mancozeb (Gavel 75DF) fungicides were found effective for control of P. capsici in pepper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationXXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture
Subtitle of host publicationSustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposia on Innovative Plant Protection in Horticulture, Biosecurity, Quarantine Pests, and Market Access
EditorsC. Hale, D. Hunter, W. Roberts, R. Ikin, S. McMaugh
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages61-66
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9789462610996
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 23 2015

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume1105
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

Keywords

  • Bell pepper
  • Capsicum annuum
  • Chili pepper
  • Phytophthora blight
  • Phytophthora capsici

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

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