Physics of viral infectivity: Matching genome length with capsid size

Alex Evilevitch, Martin Castelnovo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In this work, we review recent advances in the field of physical virology, presenting both experimental and theoretical studies on the physical properties of viruses. We focus on the double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) bacteriophages as model systems for all of the dsDNA viruses both prokaryotic and eukaryotic. Recent studies demonstrate that the DNA packaged into many dsDNA viral capsids is highly pressurized, which provides a force for the first step of passive injection of viral DNA into either bacterial or eukaryotic cells. Moreover, specific studies on capsid strength show a strong correlation between genome length and capsid size and robustness. The implications of these newly appreciated physical properties of a viral particle with respect to the infection process are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEmerging Topics in Physical Virology
PublisherImperial College Press
Pages217-253
Number of pages37
ISBN (Electronic)9781848164666
ISBN (Print)9781848164642
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Evilevitch, A., & Castelnovo, M. (2010). Physics of viral infectivity: Matching genome length with capsid size. In Emerging Topics in Physical Virology (pp. 217-253). Imperial College Press. https://doi.org/10.1142/9781848164666_0009