Physical fitness and the mentally retarded: A critical review of the literature

M. Sherril Moon, Adelle Renzaglia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Teaching the mentally retarded skills that build and maintain physical fitness is important for a number of reasons. Until recently, however, this area has been overlooked by most educators and community recreation specialists. Little empirical evidence exists indicating the activities and instructional techniques best suited for this population. There are also few data showing the general level of fitness of mentally retarded persons, improvement in the level of fitness, or the long-term effects of participation in fitness programs. A literature review revealed several factors that should affect future research and programming in fitness through training programs for the mentally retarded. Two of the most significant factors are weaknesses in past studies and the current emphasis on integration of the retarded into regular, community-based programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-287
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Special Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 1982
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Rehabilitation


Dive into the research topics of 'Physical fitness and the mentally retarded: A critical review of the literature'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this