Physical activity-related well-being in older adults: Social cognitive influences

Edward McAuley, Steriani Elavsky, Gerald J. Jerome, James F. Konopack, David X. Marquez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study, the pattern and correlates of physical activity-related well-being in older adults (N = 174; men = 49, women = 125; mean age = 66 years) were examined across a 6-month exercise trial. Baseline levels of self-efficacy fitness, importance of physical activity, and social support and exercise participation across the trial were used as correlates of positive and negative feeling states. Psychological responses to physical activity were assessed on a bimonthly basis across the trial. Latent growth curve analyses indicated significant growth in positive well-being over the 6-month period, with increases reaching a threshold at 4 months. Self-efficacy was inversely related to change in positive well-being across the trial. Frequency of activity and increases in well-being over the trial were significant predictors of self-efficacy at program termination. Findings suggest the social cognitive context of the exercise experience may have influence on exercise-related well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-302
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology and aging
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005

Keywords

  • Affect
  • Aging
  • Exercise
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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