Photosynthetic characteristics in Oryza species

M. Zhao, Z. Ding, R. Lafitte, E. Sacks, G. Dimayuga, D. Holt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Photosynthetic rate (PN), SPAD value, specific leaf area (SLA), flag leaf area (FLA), and nitrogen content (LN) of genus Oryza were investigated and their correlation was analyzed to assess some of the main photosynthetic traits among different species in the genus Oryza. The results revealed wide variation in these traits. The species O. rufipogon and O. australiensis exhibited maximum photosynthetic rate. Comparison of different types of genomes (diploid: 2n=2x=24; tetraploid: 2n=4x=48) and growth habit (shade- or sun-grown) showed the species of diploid (with genome symbol EE; 2n=2x=24) genomes, with perennial and sun-grown species, had high apparent photosynthesis compared to others. The species with BB/BBCC, shade-grown and the tetraploids showed high SPAD value, and the flag leaf in sun-grown species and diploids were thicker (low SLA) compared with others. However, no significant difference could be noticed among the different types of genomes. Higher leaf area was noticed among the species of CC/CCDD genome, perennial shade-grown species and tetraploids than in others. The variety IR 36 exhibited highest leaf nitrogen concentration. Correlation analysis showed a strong relationship between PN and leaf nitrogen concentration while no marked relationships were observed among other characteristics. It implies that the species with thick and small leaves with high nitrogen concentration and high photosynthesis evolved better than others. O. rufipogon, with the same genome as O. sativa, could be one of the wild rice resources for elite crop improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)234-240
Number of pages7
JournalPhotosynthetica
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 24 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • SPAD meter reading
  • flag leaf area
  • leaf N concentration
  • net photosynthetic rate
  • specific leaf area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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  • Cite this

    Zhao, M., Ding, Z., Lafitte, R., Sacks, E., Dimayuga, G., & Holt, D. (2010). Photosynthetic characteristics in Oryza species. Photosynthetica, 48(2), 234-240. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11099-010-0029-0