Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter describes the photosynthetic process, the sensitivity of photosynthesis to environmental conditions, and ongoing efforts to improve photosynthesis in crops. It first provides a description of the photosynthetic components, processes, and pathways used by crops. The chapter then discusses the sensitivity of photosynthesis to climatic and environmental factors including radiation, atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration, temperature, and water deficit. Thylakoids house the protein complexes needed to perform light-driven reactions of photosynthesis and energy transduction. Photosynthesis has evolved to be extremely sensitive to environmental factors including carbon dioxide concentration and water availability. With the advanced mechanistic and genetic understanding of photosynthesis, research effort and resources have been devoted to improving the photosynthetic process to enhance crop yields for a growing global population. The chapter discusses the theoretical basis for those efforts to improve photosynthesis and enhance crop productivity in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAgroclimatology
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9780891183587
ISBN (Print)9780891183570
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Carbon dioxide concentration
  • Crop yields
  • Energy transduction
  • Global population
  • Photosynthesis
  • Water deficit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)


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